Kisan Bazaar, Namchi.

13A kisan bazaar works as an interface between the farmer and wholesaler. It is a hub where the produce grown in the villages nearby are brought. Here they are stored and put up for display for the wholesalers to purchase in bulk.

USERS AND ACTIVITIES IN THE BUILDING

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The primary relationship is between the farmer and the consumer in that the produce and grain grown by the former in rural areas is consumed by the latter in urban areas

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The intermediate person connecting the two ends is the wholesaler who purchases from the farmer to sell to the retailers or other wholesalers and transport it to the end points.

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The venue for the transaction is the KISAN BAZAR. It is a prototypical entity that is an interface between the farmer and the wholesaler.

IMPORTANCE OF THE KISAN BAZAR

The building is a physical manifestation of the connection between rural and urban Sikkim. It is an interface between the agrarian and the modern where the farmer is given a presence in the heart of urbanity. It is a space for the rural masses to inhabit without the feeling that they are encroaching upon the already stressed urban spaces in the town.

The building also addresses the larger issue of rural to urban migration whereby, a building for the rural masses in the heart of the town will have a psychological impact on them. It will work to empower them when they are made aware that adequate care is being taken in order to meet their needs. Farmers will gain a better position in society when they are considered to be equal to the wholesaler merchants and many other benefits can be afforded to the rural folk.

The building can also serve as a mode in which awareness can be spread amongst the villagers and they can be educated on the various policies of the government such as subsidies and other benefits that can be availed of.  Also new farming technologies, knowledge of crops etc can be exchanged.

THE PROGRAM

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The main users of the building are

  1. Farmers from the villages
  2. Wholesalers and their representatives
  3. Retailers
  4. Transport company employees
  5. Drivers
  6. Porters

The spaces and activities required are as follows:

COLD STORAGE

A cold storage facility to store perishable produce. This requires

  •  Loading and unloading area
  • Transfer of products
  • Pre-cooling area
  • Grading and sorting room
  • Cold rooms
  • Office and administration
  • DG Set
  • Staircase, toilets and lifts

The physical requirements and attributes of the facility

  • No requirement of natural light
  • Insulated surfaces- walls, floors and ceilings
  • Smooth transfer of products
  • Effective circulation
  • Adequate storage facility

SHOPS AND DISPLAY OF PRODUCTS

This is necessary as this is the main interface between the farmers and the merchants. There are three ways in which this can happen- as a small space, as a super market and as an open market. The ancillary program required for all this would be,

  • Display area- shop
  • Circulation area- passage to move from one display to the next
  • Loading and unloading area
  • Lobby
  • Staircase, toilets, lifts
  • Garbage management

The physical attributes and requirements of such a program would be

  • Adequate ventilation
  • Effective garbage management system since perishables will be bound to decay and emit offensive odours that would permeate through the building
  • Clear display of products
  • Clear and effective/ simple circulation
  • Visual connectivity between levels of the shopping areas- atrium like environment which would also aid in the effective ventilation of the place

PARKING

This is probably the most important necessity in an urban environment. Since most of our cities are clogged and congested with the number of cars, a large part of the problem arises due to inadequate parking available. For an activity of such volume of people, it is absolutely necessary to provide sufficient parking. This program can be considered as a multi level car park where it can also serve as a dedicated taxi and private car stand catering to the villages from where the farmers and the produce would come to Namchi. The details of the program would be

  • Parking area
  • Driving area
  • Staircases, toilets and lifts
  • Ramps to drive between levels

OFFICES/ COMMERCIAL SPACES/ RESTAURANTS AND CAFES

Administrative requirements will force the need for offices for the wholesale merchants and various organizations who are involved in the different stages and different modes of transaction.

Restaurants and cafes will be required in order to cater to the people working in the building as well as the visitors to the structure.

The type of program should be:

  • Easily accessible by the users of the building as well as the visitors
  • Adequate natural light and ventilation
  • Segregated from the shopping area and cold storage areas
  • Directly accessible from the main road

POTENTIAL

A building of this nature has a number of potentials and indirect results of the different components and the main program types. The building, although meant to house the interface between the farmer and wholesaler, has the potential to address so many other issues urban and otherwise in its conception.

PUBLIC SPACE

Since it is located next to the centre of the main town which is now pedestrianized, this building can be seen as an extension of the Central park and aquarium area and a culmination of the grand park in the centre of the town. This would serve as an attractor to the residents of Namchi. It will be designed as a rooftop terrace garden with kiosks and dedicated areas for hawkers in order to enrich and enliven up the urban experience

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HAAT BAZAAR

Apart from the building serving to connect the farmer with the wholesaler, one important urban activity is getting sidelined. This is the weekly ‘haat’ where the smaller farmers come to town to sell vegetables directly to the consumers. This market is slowly getting replaced by concrete counterparts. It will be the endeavor of this proposal to revive that activity since it has a deep rooted cultural significance in the society. The ‘open air market’ will serve as another attractor to the people of Namchi

MULTI LEVEL CAR PARKING

The car parking has been proposed to cater to the users of Kisan bazaar, but because of the sheer volume of cars it can accommodate it will aid in decongesting the crowded streets of Namchi and ease its parking problems.

ARCHITECTURE

LAYOUT & ORGANISATION

The building has been designed as three separate blocks- parking, shops & display and cold storage and offices. They have been designed along the natural slope of the hill so there will be minimal cutting and filling. These three buildings are designed at different levels so that there is vehicular access between them at different levels. There are staircases and lifts to connect pedestrian traffic

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TYPOLOGY

The building follows principles of ‘Designing in the hills’, and it works with the topography in locating the buildings. It also serves as a critique to the existing building practices whereby most of the currently designed and built buildings do not use the roofs and terraces effectively.

  1. The proposal converts the roofs of the buildings into rooftop gardens. Since the building is built from below the road, the garden is directly accessible from the main road above and one does not need to negotiate with the terrain to reach the garden.
  2. Since the proposed building is located between two important roads, it is designed such that vehicular movement is possible throughout the building. It is even possible for a car to enter from one road and exit from a different one at another level. This has major implications in addressing issues of connectivity and congestion
  3. Large buildings are generally frowned upon by the public in these parts. Apart from disrupting the view, it is also generally considered unsafe. The latter reason is not a criticism based on any data- a building can be considered safe based on structural analysis after adequate soil testing has been executed and the building has been designed for the soil bearing capacity. However, in order to address these issues, this ‘large’ building has been designed so that it is not one but three separate buildings. In order to prevent the building from looking too ‘massive’, it is built below the road and lodged firmly within the hill in order to not block the view. Also, the gardens and haat bazaar on the roof of the building will give it a more appealing façade.
  4. Multi level car parks are considered ugly and generally utilitarian in nature. The building addresses this issue by landscaping the roof and locating the haat bazaar above it so the building does not appear to only housing cars.
  5. The architectonic quality of this building has been considered to be a balance between the traditional and contemporary. The architectural elements that are visible from the main road are deigned to be expressive and drawing references from the traditional architecture of Sikkim. The windows and facades are designed to echo the traditional architecture of the state. The other utilitarian and functional areas are designed with minimal ornamentation and express simplicity in its articulation. Form finished concrete will be used to clad the facades. This robust yet elegant material will protect the building from the elements while looking like it is perfectly crafted.

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LIGHT & VENTILATION

There is a clear measure of light and ventilation through the design of the buildings. Area requiring light and ventilation have been identified and provided for. Atrium spaces for shops and display have been provided where there is a general requirement but not one for a view and ventilation across all levels. The cold storage requires neither light nor ventilation and has been appropriately located in the basement of the building. Offices require a lot of natural light so they are located above the entire complex hovering and floating – and segregated from the main blocks.

CIRCULATION

There is a clear definition to the circulation throughout the building where areas are clearly demarcated. There is clarity between the served spaces and the service areas. The service areas include staircases, lifts, storage  and toilets . There is clarity in inter building connectivity where the service areas of one building coincide with the service areas of the other. This makes it possible to seamlessly transfer from one building to the next. The circulation areas are concentrated within cores which makes vertical transport seamless.

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SERVICES

The various services for the building have to dealt with and designed intelligently given its size and volume.

1. WATER SUPPLY

Considering that there is a definite water shortage in Namchi, a building of this scale will have to have a rain water harvesting system supplementing the supply from the PHE department. These water tanks are on the level below the lowest floor and since there is a large terrace and roof area, calculations will substantiate in exact numbers.

2. SEWERAGE

Even though the building has an enormous volume, an STP is not required. The sewerage generated by the building can be fed into the existing municipal line or a septic tank and a soak pit will be required.

3. ELECTRICITY

Adequate three phase line will have to be installed with provision for a 440 V connection in order to install elevators.

4. AIR CONDITIONING

Air conditioning will be required for the cold storage and possibly some of the offices. Otherwise Namchi is a place where air conditioning is not required.

5. FIRE FIGHTING

Adequate fire fighting measures will have to be adopted. For a building of this magnitude there will be a sprinkler system according to the National Building Codes.

6. CCTV AND SECURITY

Adequate security measures will have to be taken in order to protect the building and its contents from vandalism and anti social elements. All entrances and exits will be manned and unmanned areas will have CCTV cameras.

7. GARBAGE MANAGEMENT

A tremendous quantity of garbage will be generated by this building since it will be dealing primarily with perishable products with low shelf life. While it is possible that most of the produce will be in cold storage, there will be a large part of it that will decay and rot. The offensive odour from these decaying products will need to be dealt with efficiently. Garbage chutes and other methods of efficient waste disposal are adopted. Part of the garbage will need to be refrigerated. It is also necessary to segregate the garbage between biodegradable and non biodegradable.

SUSTAINABILITY

It is imperative that a building of this scale and volume be designed and built sustainably. It is not only the need of the hour, but also how construction and design should happen in an part of the world.

SUSTAINABLE DESIGN

Building one large building instead of several smaller ones would be considered a sustainable practice since all the energy is expended in one location and it would also save energy to travel to several locations when all the requirements are fulfilled in one location.

The layout and organization of spaces in the buildings have been designed to reduce energy consumption. All the areas that require light and ventilation have been located in the higher areas of the building. The areas that require air conditioning have been located such that they are embedded deep within the earth which would reduce the costs of insulation and prevent gain in temperature

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HARNESSING SOLAR ENERGY- Solar panels will be placed on the rooftops of the buildings or on the terrace at the levels of the offices which will generate electricity as well as heat water for use in the kitchens.

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FORM FINISHED CONCRETE- All the external walls are designed to be built out of form finished concrete. This will reduce the need to transport more bricks to the site. It will provide more stability to the structure which when integrated with the structural system, will behave as a structural member. It will also produce a finished surface right after casting and it won’t be necessary to plaster and paint which will further reduce the running costs in maintaining the building.

ATRIUMS TO ASSIST VENTILATION- The large atriums in the centre of the building will work as wind collectors and will assist the transfer of air between levels.

ROOFTOP GARDENS TO COOL THE BUILDING- The rooftop gardens and landscaping will on the terraces will work to cool the building further and prevent heat buildup.

RAINWATER HARVESTING SYSTEM- The rainwater harvesting system, supplementing the PHE connection will work to provide adequate water to the building.

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THE SPACES

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