A hotel located in Gangtok, Sikkim. It is a 5 1/2 storeyed hotel with 27 rooms. The site is located in Amdo Golai, Deorali Bazaar, Gangtok, on a very strategic node where the by-pass road connecting Gangtok to the North of Sikkim, meets N.H.10 heading towards the city .The node is a commercial hub bearing restaurants, shops and many other institutional buildings. Besides the strategic location, the site is surrounded by lush green flora which provides a buffer and a screen from the surrounding. A jhora marks the site boundary from the adjacent land. A garage is present right next to the building on a higher level.
There was an an existing 5 1/2 storey R.C.C. beam and column structure.The structural elements like staircase, lift shaft, chajjas, cantilevers were already cast which worked as design constraints and challenges. The existing structure was based on a very generic building typology popular in Gangtok and Sikkim as a whole. The usage ranges from government buildings to private hotels and residences. In this, a hood about 1’4″ is projected from the slab all around the building. No consideration in terms of climate, context or architecture is given for a region with severe cold, rainfall and a hilly terrain. The challenge was to create an unconventional building from a conventional building type through architectural design and treatment within the above constraints.
There is a staircase located at the centre of the structure. It was unalterable since it was already constructed. The vertical circulation plays an important part in deciding the circulation and the zoning of the entire building.
ZONING AND ORGANISATION OF SPACES
Since we had to work with the structure already constructed, the position of the staircase was frozen. The main entrance is to the left of the staircase which opens into the lobby with the reception and travel desk further ahead. The corridor then goes around the staircase leading to the lounge with a room for the handicapped beyond that. The corridor thus separates the front of the house which are the public areas, from the back of the house which contains the service and administration areas DRAWINGS
WINDOW DETAIL The elevation of the building has been designed to allow maximum sunlight inside. Gangtok, with its harsh winters and temperatures on the cooler side through the year, requires a lot of heating. With sunlight being incorporated into the building through the design, the need for other methods of heating is greatly reduced. This cuts the energy requirement of the building.
The building lets in the sun through the clear height glass windows creating volumes of voids sandwiched between solid bands.The building follows the green house effect of natural heating an day lighting.
A lot of dramatic spaces have been created because of the window design. This coupled with the natural beauty of the mountains around the site takes the experience of staying in a hotel up by several notches.